Brown and Yellow spots on your lawn… Chinch Bugs or White Grub Damage?

 

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Both insects cause irregular to round patches of yellowing, dead grass. It may seem difficult to distinguish between the two but there are few factors that will help you figure out what pest you are looking to control.

When is the damage occurring? Early Spring and Fall or Mid-summer during drought?

LargePhoto-new-grub-2White grubs are the juvenile form of the Japanese beetle. The life cycle of the Japanese beetle starts in the early spring. The beetles are present as grubs in the soil, these grubs feed on roots, causing the irregular brown patches you find on some lawns. As the summer progresses to late June/ Early July, the juvenile beetles morph into adults who can fly. The adult Japanese beetle does not feed on roots but on plant leaves, often leaving large holes and leaf veins behind on our most precious plants. In late August/early September, the adults lay eggs that once again will feed on roots causing the brown spots in grass areas. The best method for adult and juvenile Japanese beetle control is using soil nematodes. These nematodes are naturally occurring organisms in the soil that feed on the beetle’s juveniles. You spray nematodes in early spring or late fall to prevent lawn damage and prevent future plant damage caused by adults. Before you spray the nematodes water your lawn thoroughly (min. 3 inches) so that the little organisms can move freely throughout the plant rooting zone. Nematodes are most effective in the fall when the juveniles are the smallest, but in problematic areas a fall and spring application may be required to keep populations at bay.

chinch-bug-control1Chinch bugs feed as adults on the stems of the grass, but they are very small so the damage does appear to be very similar to that of the Japanese beetle. But chinch bugs love drought and really do not like wet weather. So you are much more likely to find chinch bugs causing damage in late July and August when the weather is hot and dry. You are also likely to find that chinch bug damage will begin on the parts of your lawn that are most drought susceptible – higher land and sunnier places. If you believe you may have a chinch bug problem it is best to get it under control while the patches are small, meaning the population is low enough to keep a handle on. The best method for control of chinch bugs is keeping a healthy lawn; re-seeding and topdressing in areas where grass density is low, fertilizing, watering and ensuring you are not mowing the lawn too short. If with these practices you are still having a problem try this method: Saturate soil with a hose in the evening or early morning, soak grass with an insecticidal soap, cover the area with a flannel blanket or a few sheets of burlap for about 20 minutes. The water and insecticidal soap will drive the insects out of the grass and they will crawl into the fabric where their feet will get caught. Now remove the fabric. You can drown the insects on the fabric in a bucket of water or throw out the fabric to ensure no pests end up back on the lawn. You may repeat this every 4-6 days.

Happy Gardening!

Fairy Garden Workshop

 

fairyWe are holding a Fantastic Fairy Gardening Workshop! This event is fun for all ages, great for adults with an inner child and great for children who love to play in the dirt. We will provide everything you need, all you have to bring is your creativity!

Your Fairy Workshop will include:
Trellised Coco Planter
Fairy Wildlife
Fairy Pets
Fairy Plants
Fairy Furniture
Fairy Planting Accessories – stones, moss, ect.
Choose your own Fairy!!!

 

 

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Medium Fairt Garden with Arbor and Chair

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Large Fairy Garden with Hammock and Bridge

 

All your shopping that day will be 10% off!
Coffee, Tea, Juice Boxes and Treats will be provided.

Please bring gloves if you desire, and feel free to wear your fairy wings!

Please email westlandgreen@hay.net or call 519-238-1321, or come on down to Westland to register for this awesome event!

How to Care for your Fairy Garden

fAIRY 1Fairy gardening is an awesome way for kids to learn about plants, and a great way for adults to connect with their inner child. We have gathered a few tips and tricks that can help you keep your fairy garden looking great all the time

First you should decide what type of light and what conditions are right for your fairy garden.  You should talk to your garden center representative when choosing your plants to ensure what your light should be and what conditions the plants prefer.

Indoor Fairy Gardens

If you have an indoor fairy garden it may or may not have drainage, so check the bottom of your pot and see if you have a drainage hole.

No Drainage Fairy Gardens:

When you want to water your fairy garden you should check the moisture of the soil beforehand. If there is moss covering the soil, peel some back and stick your finger in a couple inches. If you find the soil is damp and soggy, you should hold back on the watering of your garden, as it will become water logged. If you find that the top couple centimeters of soil are dry then you can add some water. When you water for the first time, add a small amount of water and let it settle for 20 minutes, check the garden again, if you find it is still not damp, add some more. Keep doing this until you feel that the soil is damp but not saturated.

Drainage Fairy Gardens:

Check the moisture level of the soil by sticking your finger in the soil a couple inches. If the soil is dry in the top couple centimeters then soak the soil of your garden thoroughly and allow it to drain. Check regularly for the moisture level, but allow to dry out a bit between watering.

Outdoor Fairy Gardens

If you have an outdoor fairy garden in a pot, it is highly recommended to have drainage because with rain, the fairy garden can fill up with water and drown your plants. The moisture level of an outdoor fairy garden should be checked at least once every 2 days in the summer heat. When you find the garden is slightly dry in the top couple centimeters, saturate fully and allow to drain.

Fertilizing Fairy Gardens

Because fairy gardens have a mixture of plants, an all purpose fertilizer is recommended. You should read and follow the label. If you have an outdoor fairy garden, follow the outdoor plant recommendations and if you have an indoor fairy garden, follow the instructions for houseplants.